Those who have cases of arterial disease in the family should be tested more often. Photo: Bigstock
Without symptoms, high cholesterol can predispose to arterial disease such as heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral artery disease. But who is “forced” to do the serial dosing to monitor whether the levels of lipids such as cholesterol and triglycerides are going badly?
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According to cardiologist Marcelo Assad, anyone with a family history or high cholesterol, heart attack and stroke, or anyone who has experienced any of these events. And hypercholesterolemia affects 8 to 10% of the population and does not give symptoms. The information comes from Agência Brasil.
The dosage of the lipid profile is also indicated in children, from the second year of life, when there is a family history. “Examining in this age group helps stratify those with high cholesterol,” says Assad, director of prevention at the Cardiology Society of the State of Rio de Janeiro. He suggests that from the age of 10, each child should have their profile measured.
According to him, today’s children are less physically active, tend to gain weight early, which contributes to a global disorder, in which cholesterol is present. It is therefore important to have adequate nutrition for children and that they engage in regular physical activity from an early age, so that they acquire this habit throughout their lives.
Although 70-80% of cholesterol is produced by the liver itself, the dietary factor weighs heavily on hypercholesterolemia, with the remainder 20-30% coming from the diet. “Living a healthy lifestyle, eating a balanced diet, not smoking, controlling your blood pressure, exercising, trying to reduce stress and not gaining weight throughout life avoids cumulative events. The dosage. cholesterol helps the doctor define this individual’s risk, so they can determine whether or not they will need medication for the rest of their life, ”says Assad.
The guidelines aim to lower LDL (bad cholesterol) and increase HDL (good cholesterol). HDL carries fat from the arteries to the liver, while LDL carries it from the liver to tissues and can build up in the arteries.
Avoid ultra-processed foods high in saturated fat, such as frozen foods (fries, lasagna, nuggets), general fast food, and snacks, and include oilseed foods such as nuts, walnuts, and snacks in the diet. pistachios, which increase the amount of HDL (good cholesterol) in the body, are a few tips.