Heart problems lead patients to greater fragility before Covid-19. | Photo: Bigstock
Patients with Covid-19 who develop heart problems as a result of the disease have a high in-hospital death rate (42%), according to a survey by the Instituto do Coração de l’Hospital das Clínicas de la Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo.
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The study, published in the online scientific journal IJC Heart & Vasculature, also found that 71% of these patients required intensive care while hospitalized and 54.2% had damage to the heart muscle. The information comes from Agência Brasil.
The research also identified, as factors that worsen clinical condition and death, previous heart failure, present in 12.6% of research participants, echocardiogram changes (6%), acute coronary syndromes (5.7%) and arrhythmias (4.5%).
The study was conducted by the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Incor, Roberto Kalil Filho, and researcher Patrícia Guimarães. Entitled CoronaHeart, the research was based on the evaluation of 2,546 people with an average age of 64 years, hospitalized in 21 hospital units, from June to October 2020.
“First in South America, this study is now part of the global body of information on heart complications in patients with Covid-19, alongside research conducted in Italy, the United States and England . As each population has its specificity, it is important that we have this study from a Brazilian perspective “, underlined the doctor Roberto Kalil.
Increased risk of cancer
One of the peculiarities observed in Brazil was the increased risk of death in patients with a certain type of cancer, due to the weak immune system. These data are similar to research findings in China, however, not recorded in studies on the European continent.
The study also showed that, unlike international records, in Brazil there was an equalization between the number of deaths of men and women. In other countries, there was a prevalence of males in death registration.